Top PHP Interview Questions in 2019

by Devsense
12 minutes
Top PHP Interview Questions in 2019

Do you have an interview with a hiring manager for a "PHP Developer" position? Are you worried about what will you be asked in the interview? Even if you're just studing for a test or you're an autodidact trying to master PHP, you should review the top 25 PHP interview questions and their answers.

1) What is the difference between require_once(), require(), include(), and include_once() functions?

  • require() will cause E_COMPILE_ERROR which is a fatal error and the script will stop.

  • include() will only cause E_WARNING which is a warning and the script will continue.

  • require_once() and include_once() statements are used when you need to include a file more than once. If it is found that the file has already been included, calling script is going to ignore further fatal errors or warnings respectively.

2) What is the difference between explode(), preg_split() and str_split() functions?

  • explode() splits a given string into array by string.

  • preg_split() splits a string by using a regular expression.

  • str_split() converts a given string to an array.

3) Define ksort(), krsort(), asort() and arsort() functions.

  • ksort() function sorts an associative array according to the key in ascending order.

  • krsort() function sorts an associative array according to the key in descending order.

  • asort() function sorts an associative array according to the value* in ascending order.

  • arsort() function sorts an associative array according to the value in descending order.

4) What is a magic method?

The magic methods (or functions) begin with two underscores (__) and have special names. These methods are invoked by particular events. PHP calls the function instead of the coder and provides more functionality. Magic methods are:

  • __construct(), __destruct(), __call($funName, $arguments), __callStatic($funName, $arguments), __get($propertyName), __set($property, $value), __isset($content), __unset($content), __sleep(), __wakeup(), __toString(), __invoke(), __set_state($an_array), __clone(), __autoload($className), __debugInfo()

5) What is the difference between $var and $$var?

$var and $$var are both variables. The first one is a normal variable, and the second one is a reference variable. $var has a fixed name, while the name of $$var is stored in $var.

Difference between $var and $$var

6) What is the difference between htmlentities() and htmlspecialchars() functions?

  • htmlentities() converts all possible characters to HTML entities.
  • htmlspecialchars() converts only predefined characters to HTML entities.

7) What are the error types in PHP?

  • Notices: These are non-critical errors which occur during executing a script. These errors are not displayed to the user by default. For example, trying to call an undefined variable.

  • Warnings: These are serious errors which are displayed to the user, but don't cause script termination. For example, trying to call a non-existent file.

  • Fatal errors: These are critical errors which cause the termination of the script. For example, trying to call a non-existent function.

8) Define the numeric array, associate array and multidimensional array.

  • Numeric array is an array that uses numeric index. Values are stored in a linear way.

  • Associative array is the array in which the keys are strings.

  • Multidimensional array is an array which contains one or more arrays. The values can be accessed by multiple indices.

9) How can you get environment variables?

  • getenv() function provides access to the value of all environment variables.

getenv example

10) Define $_REQUEST

$_REQUEST variable contains $_GET, $_POST, and $_COOKIE. $_REQUEST can be used to get form data sent with GET and POST methods.

request example

11) What is the use of the array operator ===?

The array operator checks the variables on the left and the right side, whether they have the same key-values in the same order and they are of the same types.

12) What is the difference between preg_match() and preg_split() functions?

  • preg_match() function searches the given string for a required pattern, returning true if the pattern exists, or false, otherwise.

  • preg_split() function uses regular expressions as input parameters for a pattern. It operates like split().

13) What is function overriding?

In a child class, the definition of a function which is inherited from parent class can be changed by overriding.

14) What is the final keyword?

The final keyword prevents the child class from overriding a method. If the class is defined final, then it can not be extended.

15) What is the output of the following code?

foreach example

Answer:

  • Joe

  • Jack

  • William

  • Avarel

16) There are two main types of filtering:

  • Validate filters

  • Sanitize filters

17) What is the output of the following code?

filter example

Answer: valid

filter example answer

18) How many methods are there for the exception class?

The seven methods are: getCode(), getFile(), getLine(), getMessage(), getPrevious(), getTrace(), getTraceAsString().

19) Which function reads a file into a string variable?

file_get_contents()

filegetcontents

20) What is the output of the following code?

classes example

Answer:

  • bool(true)

  • bool(true)

21) What is the output of the following code?

count example

Answer: no output

22) What is the output of the following code?

ternary example

Answer: 2

ternary example answer

23) What is the use of $_SERVER['PHP_SELF']?

$_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] is a variable that returns the filename of the current script.

24) What is the output of the following code?

arrayreverse example

Answer:

Array ( [2] => Array ( [0] => William [1] => Avarel) [1] => Jack [0] => Joe)

arrayreverse example answer

25) How can a session be started?

A session is started by calling session_start() function. This function checks if a session has already started. If not, it starts one.

Conclusion

In conclusion, these PHP questions are some of the most asked questions in interviews worldwide, but it doesn't mean that's all. You should continue to review and you might want to continue reading some interesting questions with their answers here. If you think there are more questions that should be included in this list, please, share in the comments below.